Admiral


Admiral
Although ships had always been used in war, the first time an English admiral was appointed with that title to be in charge of a fleet was 1303, when Gervaise Alard was so appointed by Edward II as captain and admiral of the *Cinque Ports' fleet. However, a commission had been issued in 1295 naming Barrau de Sescas as admiral. Later that year two further appointments were made by royal writ. One of those named, Sir William Leyburn, was described as amiraux de nostre navie Dengleterre. The title captain and admiral of the fleet was used until 1344. An admiral of all the fleets was commissioned in 1360, there being North, West and Other fleets at the time. Clerks of the king's ships provided administration between times of war from the 13c until a navy board was created in 1546. [< Ar. amirail = a *Saracen ruler or commander; amir-al-bahr = commander of the sea; thus admiral;
Cf. emir]
Cf. next

Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases. .

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  • Admiral — ist der höchste militärische Dienstgrad in der Marine (entsprechend dem General des Heeres und der Luftstreitkräfte) sowie ein Oberbegriff für Angehörige der Dienstgradgruppe der Admiräle (entsprechend den Generälen), die in verschiedenen Ländern …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Admiral T — Concert of Admiral T in Paris Background information Birth name Christy Campbell Also known as Adm …   Wikipedia

  • Admiral — is the rank, or part of the name of the ranks, of the highest naval officers. It is usually considered a full admiral (equivalent to full general) and above Vice Admiral and below Admiral of the Fleet/Fleet Admiral. It is usually abbreviated to… …   Wikipedia

  • admiral — ADMIRAL. s. masc. Quelques uns escrivent Amiral, & tous le prononcent ainsi. Officier qui commande en chef sur la mer. Admiral de France. Admiral de Hollande, de Zelande, Admiral d Angleterre. Vice Admiral premier Officier aprés l Admiral, & qui… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Admiral — Ad mi*ral, n. [OE. amiral, admiral, OF. amiral, ultimately fr. Ar. am[=i]r al bahr commander of the sea; Ar. am[=i]r is commander, al is the Ar. article, and am[=i]r al, heard in different titles, was taken as one word. Early forms of the word… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Admirał — ( Admiral ) is the highest rank in the Polish Navy, equivalent to the four star Generał.This rank was introduced in 1921. However, until 2002 this was rank equivalent to generał broni (three star general). After introduction in 2002 rank of Fleet …   Wikipedia

  • admiral — [ad′mə rəl] n. [ME admirail, amirail < OFr admiral, amiral < Ar ʾamīral ʿ ālī < ʾ amīr, leader + ʿālī, high; sp. infl. by ADMIRABLE] 1. the commanding officer of a navy or fleet 2. U.S. Navy a) an officer of the highest rank, ranking… …   English World dictionary

  • Admirał — (Dziwnów,Польша) Категория отеля: Адрес: ul. Mała 4, 72 420 Dziwnów, Польша Описани …   Каталог отелей

  • Admiral — Sm (Dienstgrad der Marine) erw. fach. (12. Jh., Form und Bedeutung 14. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus frz. admiral, neben älterem amiral, das sich im Französischen später erneut durchsetzt (das d wohl durch Anknüpfung an l. admirārī bewundern );… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Admiral B&B — (Амстердам,Нидерланды) Категория отеля: Адрес: Admiralengracht 209 HS, Де Баарсьес, 1057 EW Амсте …   Каталог отелей

  • Admirał II — (Свиноуйсьце,Польша) Категория отеля: Адрес: ul. Żeromskiego 12, 72 600 Свиноуйсьце, Польша …   Каталог отелей


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